How to Write Schaffer Paragraph

How to Write Schaffer Paragraph. The Jane Schaffer paragraph is usually composed of five sentences, and each sentence has a specific function. Arranged according to their sequence, these sentences are: Topic Sentence (TS), Concrete Detail (CD), Commentary (CM), Commentary (M), and Concluding Sentence (CS). In writing a Schaffer paragraph, keep in mind several things: do not write in first person, there can be more than five sentences in one paragraph for as long as there are two (2) Commentaries for every Concrete Detail, and always use the present tense.

Topic Sentence (TS)
The TS introduces the primary point of the paragraph. It tells the reader what you will be discussing. Thus, your TS should be direct to the point so that your reader will easily understand your topic. In some cases, this sentence is called the Thesis Statement.

Concrete Detail (CD)
The CD is a sentence that states evidence, facts, illustrations, examples, and other supporting statements for the topic sentence. The CD typically begins with any one of these "signal" words: for example, as a matter of fact, or for instance.

Commentary (CM)
The CM provides the analysis, opinion, or interpretation. It is the sentence that shows how the CD is linked to the TS. The CM is basically your personal take.

Concluding/Closing Sentence (CS)
The CS summarizes the whole point of the paragraph while serving as a transition sentence for the next paragraph. A common way to start a CS is by using the "signal" phrase as a result, therefore, or in effect.

Remember, the sentences in a Schaffer paragraph follow this sequence: TS --> CD --> CM --> CM --> CS.

You may want to read an example of a Schaffer paragraph.

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