How to Write Monroe's Motivated Sequence

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How to Write Monroe's Motivated Sequence. There are five steps that must be followed in sequence when writing a persuasive speech or essay using Monroe's motivated sequence. The steps are: attention, need, satisfaction, visualization, and action. Each step logically proceeds to the one that follows it, thereby mimicking the normal process of human thought. This is precisely why motivation is at the heart of this persuasion technique.

In writing an essay using Monroe's motivated sequence, the first step is attention. The purpose of this initial phase is to grab the attention and arouse the curiosity of the intended audience. This can be done through the use of dramatic statistics, a shocking example, an anecdote, or a startling statement.

The second step is need. This is where the problem is described. Show that the problem affects your audience. This is also where you make your audience feel that there is a need for change, or that something should be done. Emphasize that there is an opportunity for your readers to turn the situation around.

Once the need has been established, the next step in Monroe's motivated sequence is satisfaction. Address the need you have shown by proposing a solution. Describe how your proposal can satisfy the problem. As much as possible, use facts and examples to illustrate your point. Make sure that your audience understand your plan.

The fourth step is visualization. Make your readers desire your proposed solution by showing how they will benefit from your proposal if they accept it. Do this by helping them visualize the situation, but be as realistic as possible so that your audience can relate with your solution. You may choose to show the results if your plan is adopted, or if it is not accepted. You may also try to combine the two.

The fifth and final step in Monroe's motivated sequence is action. Compel your readers to adopt your solution by making a call to action. Indicate what your readers need to do now and how to proceed with it. If there are several alternatives, give your audience the power to choose over them.



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How to Write an Analytical Essay

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How to Write an Analytical Essay. Analysis is at the heart of the analytical essay. This means that, in your essay, it is not enough that you write what you think your topic means. Rather, it is important that you also assess whether the topic proposes a sound or valid point. Moreover, the assessment should be structured. In other words, the discussion should naturally flow from your premise(s) to your conclusion. Here are some tips on how to write an analytical essay.

The first step is to introduce your topic. Do this by summarizing what your topic is trying to say. For example, if your task is to analyze a newspaper editorial, start with a brief summary. If possible, include all the five Ws: what, who, when, where, and why. This should be within five sentences. Follow the summary with your thesis statement. In this case, your thesis statement should state a clear and succinct claim about your topic. After this, state the premises for your thesis statement. In essence, a premise is the same as a justification or reason in support of your claim. Devote one sentence for each premise in the introductory paragraph of your analytical essay. You can have at least two or three premises.

After your introduction, the second paragraph should be a discussion of one of your premises. Use the corresponding premise sentence in your introduction as lead sentence for your second paragraph. Explain why this premise supports your thesis statement. Discuss why it is valid. As for your other premises, do the same. Each premise should be explained in at least one separate paragraph. As a minimum, three premises will require three paragraphs or one for each.

Allot at least one paragraph for the counter-argument, which is basically a criticism against your thesis statement and premises. This paragraph should immediately follow the paragraph for your last premise. Remember to simply state what the counter-argument is saying. Do not say yet whether you agree with or not.

The right section where you debunk the counter-argument is the paragraph that should follow it. This paragraph is essentially a rebuttal paragraph. This is where you thoroughly disprove the opposing claim and reaffirm your thesis. Make sure that you are able to repudiate the counter-argument even if conceding certain points is inevitable. After all of these, transition to the final paragraph of your analytical essay. This is the concluding paragraph where you simply restate your position and your reasons. Do not write new information. Now you know how to write an analytical essay.



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How to Write Transition Sentences

Posted by Splice, Essay Tips Chief Writer

How to Write Transition Sentences. The natural flow of thought between paragraphs is important. However, connecting one block of text to the next can be daunting. This is where transition sentences play their role. In essence, a transition sentence is a line of text written at the end of a paragraph. It's function is to smoothly introduce the subsequent part of the essay and all other kinds of papers. A transition sentence, therefore, serves as the bridge between the end of Point A and the start of Point B. It links sections together. Consider the following tips on how to write transition sentences.

  • Summarize the whole thought of the paragraph in one line. Use this as your transition sentence for the next paragraph.
  • A similar method is to summarize the main points of the subsequent paragraph and to use this summary as transition sentence. Remember to place this at the end of the previous paragraph.
  • Use an interrogative sentence for your transition. Posing a question at the end of the paragraph is a good way to indicate that the answer can be found on the next paragraph.
Using effective transition sentences will ensure that there is good flow of ideas between the paragraphs. They also help the reader keep track of where the essay is heading. Otherwise, your paragraphs will read like unrelated blocks of texts with no sense of direction. If you know how to write transition sentences, consider your task almost halfway done.

You may also read our tips on how to write body paragraphs. We also have articles about reaction papers, critical response essays, expository essays, reflection essay, Toulmin argument essays, and Rogerian argument essays.



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How to Write a Reaction Paper

Posted by Splice, Essay Tips Chief Writer

How to Write a Reaction Paper. In writing a good reaction paper, it is not enough to simply praise the strengths or criticize the weaknesses of the text in question. More than that, you must be able to justify your "reaction." It is important to provide the reasons why, for example, the first chapter of a novel is dragging, or why the thesis of a particular essay carries a strong point. Of equal significance is your ability to further support your reasons with academic theories or even statistical data. Here are some tips on how to write a reaction paper.

  • It is highly advisable to create an outline before you start writing your reaction paper. Doing so will help you determine beforehand how many "reactions" you have. It also affords you the opportunities to search the justifications you need and to list the supporting theories to them.

  • In a paragraph, start your reaction paper with your introduction that includes a brief summary of the material you are tasked to respond to. Devote at least three sentences for this purpose. Remember to include the title and author of the work you have summarized. At the end, write your thesis statement.

  • The second paragraph should contain your first "reaction." Write it concisely, preferably in one short sentence. Follow this with your reason for having that perception. In both cases, always refer to the work your are responding to. For instance, after stating that "I think the first chapter of the novel is dragging" continue with another sentence such as "After the first five pages, the protagonist does nothing exciting or provocative." Further substantiate your reason by adding a theoretical perspective that will explain your observation.

  • Apply the previous method with the succeeding paragraphs for your other reactions. As much as possible, use personal indicators such as "I believe," "I think," "I suppose," "In my opinion," and others.

  • End with your conclusion. Conclude with a restatement of your thesis and reactions. You may wish to wrap-up your reaction paper with a challenge to your reader, if not the author of the work you have just responded to.

Here are a few more reminders. In writing a reaction paper, keep in mind to state your opinion and analysis of the work. It is thus appropriate to use the singular first-person point of view [the "I"], but also adopt an academic tone. If you know how to write a reaction paper, it will be easy to identify and justify your reactions.



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How to Write a Middle Ground Essay

Posted by Splice, Essay Tips Chief Writer

How to Write a Middle Ground Essay. A compromise solution is the essence of any middle ground essay. The task, therefore, is to bridge the opposing claims by finding their common points or shared premises and negotiating an alternative position. To do this, several steps must be followed. Here are the steps on how to write a middle ground essay.

Step 1. In your introduction, which is your first paragraph, state the issue or topic. Describe what is at stake and why a solution is needed. For example, if your topic is illegal immigrants, indicate that it is an important social issue and that its effects on society demand that it be resolved. Then, write down the opposing claims. In the example stated, the opposing claims may be: (a) that illegal immigrants must be deported immediately, and (b) that illegal immigrants must be given the chance to live the American dream.

Step 2. In your next paragraph, discuss one of your competing positions. For instance, you may choose (a) that illegal immigrants must be deported immediately. Be subjective. Do not offer your personal insight on the argument. You may, however, provide the opinion of credible sources or statistics that buttress this claim. You may devote a few more paragraphs in discussing the salient points of this position.

Step 3. After discussing (a), proceed by doing the same with (b), that illegal immigrants must be given the chance to live the American dream. Give an equal depth of discussion like what you did with (a). If possible, write the same number and length of paragraphs.

Step 4. Identify the shared beliefs of the opposing claims. State facts that both sides recognize as true. This is the most challenging part in writing a middle ground essay since it requires the ability to pinpoint premises that are common to the competing arguments. As regards the example of illegal immigration, common points may include: (1) illegal immigrants are human beings with human rights, and (2) the economy of any country is a vital concern for its government and people.

Step 5. This is the most important part of your middle ground essay. This is where you provide the alternative position which is based on the shared beliefs or common points you have just identified. Build an argument based on those common grounds. Devote at least two paragraphs for this purpose. The first paragraph is where you offer your middle ground argument, along with your supporting premises or claims. The second paragraph is where you provide the reasons why your argument is more preferable than the two competing sides. If possible, include as well a discussion on the weaknesses of the competing claims.

Step 6. Conclude your middle ground essay. Reiterate the issue and the reasons why it must be resolved. Restate your alternative argument and the benefits for adopting it.

A word of caution: in writing your middle ground essay, it is important to hold your personal judgment on your topic until the point where you now have to offer your alternative proposition. This is because you want to fully exhaust your discussion on the competing claims with an objective perspective. It will ensure that your reader, too, will have a full understanding of the respective positions.



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