How to Cite Using the Vancouver Style

Posted by Splice, Essay Tips Chief Writer

How to Cite Using the Vancouver Style. Also known as Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, the Vancouver Citation Style of referencing requires a numbered list in arranging the references in the references page. This style is commonly used in writing papers for professional biomedics. Here are some important tips in using the Vancouver Style.

In-Text Citations

A number placed inside brackets or parentheses is used in citing the quoted passage. A superscript can also be used to cite the quoted line. In any case, the marker should be placed after colons and semi-colons.

Examples of In-Text Citations Using Vancouver Style

a. According to the author, "all of the students wear school uniforms during Mondays" [1].
b. He said "the institution lacks the needed modern equipments" (1).

References: Vancouver Style

References using this style are listed in numbers. The order in which the list of references appear are based on when they were cited within the text. The reference for the first quoted line in the paper is placed first, the reference for the second quoted line is placed second, and so on. Only the first word of the title of books and journals are capitalized. After the 6th author (in books and journals with more than 6 authors), place an "et al." Month and issue numbers are removed in journals with continuous page numbers.

1. Books

  • Edited book
Doe JT, McKiney WS, editors. The wooden cross. New Jersey: Harper; 2005.

  • Personal author
Jenkins FK. Crocodile physiology. 6th ed. Chicago: Turner; 1999.

  • Book chapter
Finnegan LT. The economic meltdown of nations. In: Crosby JY, editor. Contemporary theories in economics and management. 3rd ed. New York: Collins Publishing; 1998. p. 183-90.

sequence: Author's last name and first name initials. Book chapter title. In: Editor/editors. Book title. Edition. Place of publication: Publishing company; Year of publication. page numbers.

2. Journals

Note that journal titles are abbreviated.

Corbet HM. Applying medical ethics in healthcare organizations. N Engl J Med. 2001 Mar 8; 13(5):113-20.

sequence: Author's last name and first name initials. Article title. Abbreviated journal title. Year of publication, month and day; volume number (issue number): page numbers.


*example for journals with more than 6 authors and with continuous pagination

Wallace JK, Smith L, Winchester FG, Gail TW, Morse BM, Lyons GH, et al. Experimenting with the cellular anatomy of peach leaves. Biol Reprod. 1996;16(5):101-135.

sequence: Author's last name and first name initials. Article title. Abbreviated journal title. Year of publication; volume number (issue number): page numbers.

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